Central Universities in India
Central Universities of India, contribute immense and exemplary to the well-rounded development in the higher education of all across India, and are dedicated to produce highly qualified and competent human resource suitable to the ever-refining requirements in various sectors of economy in the country. Today, the Central Universities of India form the pedestal, on which the world’s largest higher educational infrastructure stands dignified and reputed.
A Central University or the Union University is well-established by the Central or Union Government of India, generally by the Act of its Parliament. Thus, these Central universities are different from other universities most of which are established generally by the State Governments of the country. The Central Government of India is supremely responsible for the best possible contemporary higher education in the country, and provides grants to the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the establishment and sound maintenance of world-class higher education throughout the country. The Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) helps the Union Government in maintaining proper coordination, cooperation, and harmony with its various States in the sector of education.
Special features of Central University in India
The most important and outstanding, special features of the Central Universities of India are the following:
- The Central Universities of India are established by the Union Government of India following an Act of Parliament.
- The President of India is the most privileged and exclusively great Visitor of all the Central Universities of India.
- The President of India commands the exclusive power to nominate some members to the Executive Committee/Board of Management/Court/Selection Committee of the Central Universities of India in accordance with the provisions made for this, in the University Act.
- The Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) of the Government of India, offers all secretariat services to the President of India, in the appointment of the Vice-Chancellors, in selecting nominees to the Executive Committees/Courts/Selection Committees of the Central Universities, and appreciates and examines every matter forwarded to the Visitor for consideration and orders.
- The President of India also has the exclusive powers for suggesting and making necessary amendments and additions to the Executive or Selection Committees, repeal of status, suspensions of Ordinances; for ordering enquiries into the affairs of the Central Universities, and to take all proper measures for the resolution of disputes within and among these universities of India.
List of Central Universities in India
Presently, there are 39 Central Universities in all across India, for adequate and better higher education. Some more new Central Universities have been proposed to be established in its States across the country. Below is the list of most famous and reputed Central Universities of India:
- Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi
- Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi
- Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
- Maulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad
- Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
- Delhi University, Delhi
- Allahabad University, Allahabad
- Hyderabad University, Hyderabad
- The English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad
- Central Agricultural University, Imphal
- University of Punjab, Punjab
- Jamia Mallia Islamia University, New Delhi
- Assam University, Silchar
- University of Karnataka, Karnataka