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Higher Education

Higher education is an educational level which is offered after school education (primary, secondary and senior secondary). Higher education consists of education which is offered at colleges, universities, institute of technology, vocational institutes, career colleges etc. Higher education compromises of teaching, social involvement of universities, research works and many others. A large number of institutes offer higher education courses at different levels and subjects. Higher education degree is offered after one to five or ten years of study at different educational institutes in India. Some of management & technical institutes in India are offering online higher education.

Structure of Higher Education in India

The structure of higher education in India follows three main levels. These levels are bachelor/undergraduate level, master/postgraduate level, and doctoral/pre-doctoral level. All higher education courses are offered in various subjects. Certificate and diploma courses are also offered by higher education institutes in India. Diploma courses are available at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Undergraduate diploma courses are offered after 10+2 certification and post graduate diploma courses are after bachelor degree. All diploma courses differ in length. Undergraduate diploma courses last for one to three years while post graduate diploma courses one to two years. Bachelor Degree courses in all areas are offered to those students who have passed 12th level exam from a recognized board or university and three to five years of education. Master Degree or post graduate degree courses are usually two years of education except for some professional courses. Master Degree courses are offered to those students who qualified Bachelor Degree or undergraduate courses. Pre-doctoral course M.Phil (Master of Philosophy) is offered to master degree holders. M.Phil is mainly research based course & lasts for one year. Doctoral Degree (PhD) is three years of study after Master degree and two years of study after M.Phil.

Main Key players in Indian Higher Education

A large number of organizations, established in the country, play a very important role in controlling the educational institutes of higher education in India. India has a council or a department in almost every area of higher education. They offer grant to the institutes of higher education in India. They are liable for course structure, recognizing the course and promoting professional courses. The main players in Indian higher education are listed below:

  • University Grants Commission (UGC)
  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  • Distance Education Council (DEC)
  • Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR)
  • Bar Council of India (BCI)
  • National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  • Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
  • Medical Council of India (MCI)
  • Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  • Indian Nursing Council (INC)
  • Dentist Council of India (DCI)
  • Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
  • Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)

Higher Education Institutes in India

There are a large number of institutes, colleges, universities which offer higher education in India. Some higher education institutes in India are known for their excellence in education. We have listed the name of central universities, well known institutes and some colleges just for your reference:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
  • University of Delhi (DU)
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
  • Aligarh Muslim University (AMU)
  • Pondichery University
  • Hyderabad University
  • Assam University
  • Tezpur University
  • Nagaland University
  • Mizoram University
  • University of Allahabad
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
  • Indian School of Business (ISB)