Charter Schools in India
Charter schools are those elementary and secondary schools which are publicly funded that are free from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes as compared to other public schools, in return of some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each charter school's charter. Charter schools are schools that operate under a contract i.e., charter.
Charter schools must also meet the accountability requirements of the Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
The concept of charter school was originated by Ray Budde in United States, 1988; he called for the reform of public schools by establishing "charter schools" or "schools of choice”. Originally, the ideal model of a charter school was a legally and financially autonomous public school (without tuition, religious affiliation, or selective student admissions) that would operate much like a private business. Minnesota was the first state to pass a charter school law in the year 1991. California was second, in 1992.
Learning outcomes in India’s government schools are poor as the system doesn’t provide for autonomy and accountability; everything from syllabus design to teacher recruitment and training is in control of the education departments of state government i.e., zero scope for flexibility, creativity and learning. The nationwide study has found that charter students on average exceeded public school students’ scores by 3 points in mathematics and 2 points in reading tests.
Charter schools work on two principles:
- Their operation as autonomous bodies;
- Their accountability towards achievements of students.
The national evaluation of Public Charter School is as follows:
- Charter schools primarily use Public charter school program (PCSP) funds for purchasing technology and curricular and instructional materials, and also to fund professional development activities.
- Public Charter schools, by design, have greater autonomy over their curriculums, budgets, educational philosophies, and teaching staff than do traditional public schools.
- These schools are more likely to serve minority and low-income students less likely to serve students in special education.
- During the time period examined by this study, for-profit charter schools rarely outperformed traditional state schools.
Top charter schools in U.S.A among endless list of charter schools are:
- BASIS Tucson
- KIPP Houston High School
- Ánimo Leadership Charter High School
- Raleigh Charter High School
- Signature School
- Benjamin Franklin High School
- The Charter School of Wilmington
Online charter schools
There are many virtual schools in Canada, America, UK, and Ukraine which provide coursework from an accredited private, taught primarily through online methods.
Since charter schools differ on various accounts from traditional schools, many countries are making this education available online. Selecting their own way of instruction is one of its unique features. Students can work on their curriculum in their own way. These schools can either be funded by government or can be private institutions. In case they are owned privately, they charge tuition fees. Sometimes a computer is also provided to the students with an internet connection by online charter schools.
Although a new concept, Charter schools can make a difference in the way education is imparted to the students.