India has been prominent worldwide for its highly elevating and enriching education, since the times of Nalanda University, which was the first university offering university system of education to the whole world. Again, the Gurukul system of education, maintaining an enduring bond of affection, obligation, respect, and obeisance between students and teacher, was initiated in India.
Today, with over 400 universities, 17,000 colleges, 850 polytechnics, 15 institutions of global importance, and numerous other vocational and distance learning institutes, the higher education system of India, is the third largest education system in the whole world, after China and USA. While primary and secondary educations in India, are quite comprehensive and sophisticated, and maintain the International standards.
India’s well-rounded developments in almost all fields of importance, economy, and stature, are attributed to its highly improved and better education system.
Education System in India
The present day education system in India comprises of school education and higher education. School education includes primary education and secondary education; while the higher education is undertaken by diverse colleges and universities. The higher education system in India starts after the secondary or higher secondary education, up to the 12th standard.
Higher education in India is governed and controlled by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India. And the primary and secondary education systems are governed by Union Government of India and various States.
Primary Education India
Primary education in India is mainly provided by the Governmental primary schools. But, number of private primary schools has been on the rise in the recent decades. Primary schools provide education generally from nursery or pre-nursery to class V, and are duly affiliated and recognized by the boards of Union Government, State Governments, and also some International boards.Secondary Education India
Secondary education comes under the compulsory education and after the primary school education. As with all primary school of India, there are a large number of secondary schools spread all over India, owned and governed by Union or State Governments, and also, by private ownerships. The secondary schools of India provide senior secondary education generally from class V to XII. All these secondary schools of India are affiliated and recognized by CBSE, ICSE, ISC, or various State Boards, or International Boards, and come in the categories of secondary schools, higher secondary schools, convent schools, and boarding/residential schools. Most of the private residential secondary schools provide education from nursery or class I to class XII.Higher Education India
Higher education in India encompasses both on-campus educations in colleges and universities, and online distance education. Higher education in India is governed and controlled by the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India; with it’s over 400 universities, and 17,000 colleges, well-established throughout the length and breadth of the country. The Distance Education Council (DEC) of India supremely controls and regulates the standards of all educational activities of numerous Open and Distance Learning Institutes (ODLIs) and about 15 Open Universities of India, providing distance education and online distance education courses in a rather wide range of academic, technical, and professional fields.