A Madrassa (most common transliterations being Madrasah, Madrasa, Madresa, etc.) is an Islamic educational institution, providing Islamic studies and literature learning as essentials. Most of the Madrasas of India follow the Hanafi thought, and contribute the best to the Muslim education in India.
Madrasas have been the most prominent institutions of religious learning since the ancient times; well-established both for religious teaching to its followers, and the spread of Islam outside the Arabian Peninsula, after the Prophet. Very many erudite and veteran Ulamas and great professors of Madrasas dedicated their whole lives to imparting religious teaching to numerous students and ordinary people in the surrounding regions. Today, this Madrasa system of education is spread and well-known in most of the countries of West, Central, and South Asia.
Madrassa Education in India
Presently, there are about 30,000 to 40,000 small and big operating Madrasas in all across India. These Madrasas are spread all across the country in the States of Assam, Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and various other States. The majority of Indian Madrasas follows the Hanafi thought. Darul Uloom Deoband, Jamia Ashrafia, Manzar Islam, Jamia Nizamdina, etc., are most famous Madrasas in India. The human resource ministry of the Government of India has plans to set up sovereign Central Madrasa Board, for amendment in and betterment of the Madrasa system of education.
Madrasas in India, still play a vital and significant role in the education of Muslim children and students of all across India. The Union Government of India and the State Governments are now trying their best for the betterment of the education and teaching provided by their Madrasas, with their governmental education facilities and policies. Most of the Madrasas of India generally teach literature (Urdu, Arabic, Persian, etc.) and Islamic studies, knowledge of Yunani medicine, and superficial and cursory knowledge of social sciences and science. In order to cope with the present and future challenges and demands, the Government of India is trying to promulgate revised education curriculum for all India Madrasas, with the inclusion of Mathematics, Computers, and Science in their teaching curriculum.
In order to provide higher contemporary education to most of the Muslim students of India, and bring them to the mainstream of Indian education and well-rounded development, the Union Government is striving hard to permit and convince the Madrasa students into joining the contemporary conventional educational courses offered by its numerous colleges and universities of International recognition and repute. It will help them with better job and career prospects, also. Educational institutions like Aligarh Muslim University, Jamia Milia Islamia, Jamia Hamdard, and many more, are determined to contribute their best to these noble objectives. Aligarh Muslim University, through its Centre for Promotion of Science, has been striving its best to promote high quality science education in the Deeni Madrasas, and in all Muslim Managed Educational Institutions (MMEIs) and numerous Urdu Medium Schools, located along the length and breadth of the country. It also organizes refresher courses, workshops, and instructional conferences, all over India for its above-mentioned objectives.